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American Civil War
Civil War Photos
Varina Banks Howell Davis is seen in an 1860 photo provided by the American Civil War Museum. A photo has emerged of a key figure in the household of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Mary O'Melia served as housekeeper for Davis and his first lady, Varina Davis in the White House of the Confederacy in Richmond, Va., during the Civil War. O’Melia was a confidante of the first lady. An intimate witness to history, she also has been much of a mystery. Wife of Confederate President ...
Built circa 1725, is an example of 18th century Tidewater Virginia vernacular architecture and is located in Virginia Beach. Stewardship of the historic house and its associated collection of period furnishings and interpretive objects were transferred in 2008 from Preservation Virginia to the City of Virginia Beach as a gift, and the city purchased adjacent land through the Open Space Capital Improvement Program.
Confederate soldiers, 1861, Richmond, VA. When the first bugle sounded, southerners responded enthusiastically. Virtually none of them owned slaves, but all believed they were fighting to free themselves from their domineering brethren of the North, whose economic interests often ran counter to their own. Image courtesy of Library of Congress..
April 20, 1861. Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army. His official resignation was only one sentence, but he wrote a longer explanation to his friend and mentor, General Winfield Scott, later that day. Lee had fought under Scott during the Mexican War (1846-48), and he revealed to his former commander the depth of his struggle.
Mathew Brady was a master photographer and responsible for this photograph of General Robert E. Lee made in Richmond, Virginia just one week after Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant. Lee was reluctant to pose for the photograph, but Brady had known Lee since the Mexican War, and, with the cooperation of Lee's wife convinced Lee to have the now famous portrait made.
In a small family cemetery on the Ellwood plantation, located on eastern edge of Orange County, Va., stands a simple granite marker. The only marker in the cemetery, it does not memorialize any of the family burials there. Carved into the face of the stone is "Arm of Stonewall Jackson, May 3, 1863." When he was hit, 2 balls shattered his left arm. Taken to a field hospital at Wilderness Tavern, where the arm was amputated next morning. Pneumonia set in, and on May 10, 1863, the general died.
Harry Flood Byrd was a dominant figure in Virginia who reorganized and modernized Virginia's government. His political machine dominated Virginia Democratic Party politics for much of the first half of the 20th century. He was elected the 50th Governor of Virginia in 1925 and continued to lead a political faction that became known as the Byrd Organization as he represented Virginia as a United States Senator from 1933 until 1965