1945-1970 9th May (Victory Day). Soviet postcard. The war on the Eastern front lasted from June 22, 1941, until May 9, 1945, when Nazi Germany surrendered. According to the official statistics, the war cost 26.6 million Soviet lives - military and civilian. During the Siege of Leningrad, more than 630,000 civilians died from starvation and exposure. Almost 7.5 million Soviet civilians were deliberately killed by the invading Germans.