German Wehrmacht soldiers pause en route to the Battle of Moscow. Temperatures drop to as low as -40°C and the Germans are ill-equipped for the Russian winter, with jackets made of light wool and leather boots with no insulation. However, the battle would be costly to the Soviets as well; between 650,000 and 1,280,000 Soviet casualties and losses would occur before the Axis were repelled. Moscow Oblast, Russia, Soviet Union. December 1941.