KING RICHARD I THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 son of Henry II "Curtmantel" and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine Capet. Rebelled against his father twice before becoming King. Richard had a reputation as a warrior known as Richard ‘The Lion Heart’. After 3 successful crusades he was captured by the Duke of Austria. Upon release he returned to England where his brother John Lackland was ruling poorly in his stead. Killed at war in France. He was never happier than when engaged in war.