The Urartian Kingdom developed after the fall of the Hittites after 1200 BCE (as did Phrygia, Tabal, and Lydia) with a distinctive language, religion, ethnicity, material culture and new settlements which spread from Turkey into the Caucasus. Enemies of the Assyrians. An agrarian based society destroyed in the 7th C. BCE. perhaps by nomadics (like Sythians or Medes). ca. 8th C. BCE. Plaque in Urartian cuneiform atop 2 identical chariot processions. E. Turkey or NW Iran.