Chilaiditi syndrome is the anterior interposition of the colon to the liver reaching the under-surface of the right hemidiaphragm with associated upper abdominal pain; it is one of the causes of pseudopneumoperitoneum. Colonic gas in this position may be
Gibbus deformity is a short-segment structural thoracolumbar kyphosis resulting in sharp angulation. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/gibbus-deformity
Hiatus hernias (HH) occur when there is herniation abdominal contents through the oesophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity. The most common contents of a HH is the stomach. There are two main types of hiatus hernia, although they may co-exist: sliding hiatus hernia (~90%) rolling (para-oesophageal) hiatus hernia (~10%) http://radiopaedia.org/articles/hiatus-hernia
This is the most common type of hiatus hernia (95%). The gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) is usually displaced by more than 2 cm above the hiatus. The oesophageal hiatus is often abnormally widened to 3-4 cm (the upper limit of normal is 15 mm). The gastric fundus may also be displaced above the diaphragm and present as a retrocardiac mass on a chest radiograph. The presence of an air-fluid level in the mass suggests the diagnosis. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/hiatus-hernia
Retrograde pyelography is rarely used as a first line study for evaluation of the urinary collecting system. Retrograde pyelography can be especially useful to evaluate renal transplant ureters since t.
The findings in a 4 Y/O patient are compatible with chondrodysplasia punctata. Chondrodysplasia punctata can be divided into Rhizomelic type and Non rhizomelic or Conradi-Hunnerman type. Spectrum varies from lethal to non lethal type with variab.
The gull-wing appearance (also known as seagull erosions) is seen in erosive osteoarthritis, typically on posteroanterior radiographs. The combination of cartilage space loss, central subchondral erosions, and marginal osteophyte proliferation re.