Дмитрий Черный
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Pneumoperitoneum describes gas within the peritoneal cavity, and is often the harbinger of a critical illness. There are numerous causes and several mimics (see article: pseudopneumoperitoneum). http://radiopaedia.org/articles/pneumoperitoneum
Chilaiditi syndrome is the anterior interposition of the colon to the liver reaching the under-surface of the right hemidiaphragm with associated upper abdominal pain; it is one of the causes of pseudopneumoperitoneum. Colonic gas in this position may be misinterpreted as true pneumoperitoneum resulting in further imaging, investigation and treatment that is not required. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/chilaiditi-syndrome
Gibbus deformity is a short-segment structural thoracolumbar kyphosis resulting in sharp angulation. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/gibbus-deformity
Pathological humerus fracture
Pneumoperitoneum describes gas within the peritoneal cavity, and is often the harbinger of a critical illness. There are numerous causes and several mimics (see article: pseudopneumoperitoneum). http://radiopaedia.org/articles/pneumoperitoneum
Hiatus hernias (HH) occur when there is herniation abdominal contents through the oesophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity. The most common contents of a HH is the stomach. There are two main types of hiatus hernia, although they may co-exist: sliding hiatus hernia (~90%) rolling (para-oesophageal) hiatus hernia (~10%) http://radiopaedia.org/articles/hiatus-hernia
Osteochondromas are a relatively common imaging finding, accounting for 10-15% of all bone tumours and ~35% of all benign bone tumours. Although usually thought of as a benign bone tumour, they may be thought of as a developmental anomaly. An osteochondroma can be either sessile or pedunculated, and is seen in the metaphyseal region typically projecting away from the epiphysis. There is often associated broadening of the metaphysis from which it arises. http://radiopaedia.org/play/4400/ca
This is the most common type of hiatus hernia (95%). The gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) is usually displaced by more than 2 cm above the hiatus. The oesophageal hiatus is often abnormally widened to 3-4 cm (the upper limit of normal is 15 mm). The gastric fundus may also be displaced above the diaphragm and present as a retrocardiac mass on a chest radiograph. The presence of an air-fluid level in the mass suggests the diagnosis. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/hiatus-hernia
Hangman fracture | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org: a fracture involving the pars interarticularis of C2 with a 5 mm diastasis andanterolistesis of C2 on C3. T
Skier's/Gamekeepers thumb. Read more here: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/skiers-thumb-classification